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    Japanese Onomatopoeia: The Definitive Guide Everything and anything there is to know about those weird sounds you keep hearing

    What are onomatopoeia? In their simplest form, onomatopoeia are words that represent sounds. In English, they're words like pop, meow, crackle, and whoosh. We add them to our spoken and written language to add something more substantial, more visceral. It's like adding color, flavor, or texture to what you're saying.

    In Japanese, a language that many people have so inaccurately called "vague" in the past, onomatopoeia are there to fill that void. And not just in the ways we hear and see them in English as well as most Western European languages.

    If you're past the beginner stages of learning Japanese you've probably used きる (to wake up), べる (to eat), and る (to sleep) more times than you can count. But there comes a time when you have to put down that textbook Japanese and throw in some flare. Lazily roll out of bed, gobble down some food, and sleep soundly.


    There are thousands of onomatopoeia in Japanese. Here are 5 categories they can be broken up into:

    • Giseigo 擬声語 Animal and human sounds.
    • Giongo 擬音語 Actual sounds made by inanimate objects and nature.
    • Gitaigo 擬態語 Describe conditions and states.
    • Giyougo 擬容語 Describe movements and motions.
    • Gijougo 擬情語 Describe feelings.

    If you know your kanji, the differences between them should be pretty easy to recognize if you do see them in the wild.

    せい Voice
    おん Sound/Noise
    たい Condition/Appearance
    よう Form/Looks
    じょう Feelings/Emotions

    Giseigo and giongo are just like onomatopoeia we have in English. The cow goes moo. The machine is whirring. They represent real sounds you can hear.

    The last three describe what's called mimetic words, or ideophones. They describe or represent something that has no sound. The way you feel, the way you walk, and even your skin has an onomatopoeia to describe it. These mimetic words don't really exist in English, which makes mastering them difficult when learning Japanese. Let's take a look at each of these groups of words.

    Giseigo 擬声語

    These are sounds that humans and animals make. Some of them may sound very similar to what you learned growing up, and maybe some sound even closer to what you hear than what you write in your language.

    Animal Japanese Sound English Sound
    Bear がおー Roar
    Bee ぶーん Buzz
    Bird ちゅんちゅん Tweet
    Cat にゃん Meow
    Chicken こけこっこ Cluck
    Cow もーもー Moo
    Crow かーかー Caw
    Dog わんわん Woof
    Duck がーがー Quack
    Fox こんこん ¯_(ツ)_/¯
    Frog げろげろ Croak, Ribbit
    Godzilla がおー Roar
    Horse ひひいん Neigh
    Monkey うきうき Oo oo aa aa
    Mouse ちゅーちゅー Squeak
    Owl ほーほー Hoo
    Pig ぶーぶー Oink
    Sheep めーめー Baa
    Japanese English
    がみがみ Being lectured or nagged by someone above you
    あはは A cheerful, loud laugh
    うわーん A child crying loudly
    うぎゃー A surprised scream or shriek
    うふふ Chuckling like you have a secret
    ぺちゃくちゃ Chatting about frivolous things
    ごにょごにょ Muttering so other people can't hear you
    ぺらぺら Being able to speak a foreign language fluently
    おほん Clearing your throat for attention
    くすくす Laughing quietly, unable to hold it in

    Giongo 擬音語

    These are also real sounds. They're the ones you see used in manga and anime. They're the sound of the wind moving through the trees, the door slamming shut, and the phone ringing. Basically, any sound you hear that isn't coming out of the mouth of a person or animal falls under this category.

    Japanese English
    ごろごろ Thunder rumbling
    ざーざー Lots of heavy rain pouring down
    ぱたぱた Cloth lightly flapping in the wind
    ぴゅーぴゅー Strong, continuous, and cold wintry winds
    ばしゃっ Water scattering, splashing forcefully
    こぽこぽ Water bubbling gently
    めらめら Suddenly bursting into flames
    さくさく Stepping on soft dirt or sand
    ごろごろ A boulder or rocks tumbling down a hill
    たたたた Running at full speed

    Gitaigo 擬態語

    The first of our mimetic set, these words describe conditions and states.

    Japanese English
    ぎらぎら A glint in your eyes
    ほかほか A warm body or food
    むしむし Too much warmth, unpleasantly hot
    べとべと Sticky with sweat or blood
    びしょびしょ Horribly soaked by a large amount of water
    がたがた A road that isn't paved
    でこぼこ Uneven ground
    さんさん Lots of shining sunlight
    ひんやり Feeling cool
    じんわり Soaking slowly with sweat or tears

    Giyougo 擬容語

    These describe movements and motions, usually relating to walking or traveling from place to place.

    Japanese English
    うろうろ Wandering aimlessly
    すたこら Fast paced, eager walking
    のろのろ Proceeding at a snail's pace, slow and sluggish
    うとうと Half asleep, nodding off
    ぐっすり Completely and totally asleep
    ぐーたら Not having the willpower to do anything
    がくがく Joints, like knees, shaking
    ぶるぶる Trembling from cold, fear, or anger
    きょろきょろ Turning around looking around restlessly
    わいわい Clamorously

    Gijougo 擬情語

    Last, we have words that describe feelings. These are also used heavily in manga.

    Japanese English
    くよくよ Worrying about the past or trivial things
    しんみり Lonely and quiet, solemn
    うきうき Happy, cheerfully lighthearted, and full of hope
    わくわく Excited from anticipation, pleasure, or happiness
    あたふた Running around in a hurry
    あわあわ Losing time or a grasp on your senses
    もじもじ Unable to make decisions because of embarrassment or shyness
    うっとり Being fascinated by something beautiful, spellbound
    ずきずき Throbbing, grinding pain
    もやもや Worrying or wondering what to do

    Hiragana or Katakana

    Onomatopoeia are written using either hiragana or katakana. While there are no definitive rules saying when you should use one or the other, in Jazz Up Your Japanese with Onomatopoeia, the author states that hiragana is used for "soft sounds" and katakana is used for "hard sounds" and emphasis. You'll see lots of back and forth in which one is used the more you read, which is just another reason why learning both hiragana and katakana is really important.

    For the purposes of this guide, and consistency, I'll be providing all of the examples in hiragana.

    Some onomatopoeia have kanji, and even though you'll probably never see it used, it does exist. Here's what it looks like:

    燦燦さんさん brilliant, shining sunlight
    昏昏こんこん long, deep sleep
    齷齪あくせく anxious, feeling like you don't have enough time
    潺潺せんせん the sound of a clear, shallow mountain stream
    煌煌こうこう bright and shining \

    Sound Representation

    Most words in languages are arbitrary. Someone, someday decided that the sun in the sky would be called the "sun." But not every person or every language wanted to call it that, and not everyone thinks "sun" when they look up at that bright thing in the sky (Please don't look directly at it!).

    This arbitrary "it's the sun because I said so" stuff is pretty much thrown out the window when it comes to onomatopoeia, and even mimetic words. Gwilym Lockwood wrote a short, but interesting article, arguing that mimetic words have a universal quality to them using the following list:

    See if you can guess the meanings of these Japanese ideophones:

    nurunuru – dry or slimy?
    pikapika – bright or dark?
    wakuwaku – excited or bored?
    iraira – happy or angry?
    guzuguzu – moving quickly or moving slowly

    Take a look at the full list and the answers. You got most of them right, didn't you?

    So something about these sounds hold meaning for us. Keep this in mind as you read on.


    Most Japanese syllables start with a consonant. Because the Japanese alphabet is extremely kind, it's (mostly) phonetic. This means that each sound is spelled exactly the way it is pronounced. And every written character is pronounced, unlike English, which has silent letters. Also, thanks to this, there are two neat little symbols called the dakuten and handakuten.

    Dakuten 濁点 are two little dots, or lines, also called ten-ten.
    Handakuten 半濁点 is the open circle, also called maru.

    These symbols change the voicing of the consonants they're added to. Consonants can be voiced or unvoiced. Basically, voiced sounds are made with your vocal cords and unvoiced are made without. Here's what they look like in Japanese:

    か > が
    ka > ga

    さ > ざ
    sa > za

    た > だ
    ta > da

    は > ば, は > ぱ
    ha > ba, ha > pa

    Sounds without these symbols are called seion 清音, meaning "pure sounds." Adding dakuten or handakuten make them dakuon 濁音, meaning "impure sounds." This is just the Japanese way of saying that an unvoiced sound is becoming voiced. That's also why the "han" in handakuten means half. Just think of it as being half as pure.

    This voicing is very important for understanding onomatopoeia. There are lots of, what I'll call, sets, that represent different sounds based on their voiced and unvoiced counterpart. Let's look:

    Japanese English
    こんこん knocking
    ごんごん  banging
    さらさら silky
    ざらざら rough
    とんとん tapping
    どんどん drumming
    はらはら fluttering
    ばらばら rustling
    ぱらぱら clattering

    The voiced version is always louder, heavier, and more intense than its unvoiced friend. That's probably what makes them seem "impure." Say these aloud and feel the difference.

    Now, when you hear onomatopoeia, you can tell if it's something loud or strong based on what kind of consonant it has. Something using "loud" voiced consonants might be banging, rolling thunder, or strong feelings. Something "half" voiced will be noisy, but not loud, like the pitter patter of rain bouncing off of a window.


    These are just as important as consonants. Changing a character from か to こ will change the type of sound it's representing, just like adding dakuten and handakuten. Let's take a look:

    かんかん clear clanging
    きんきん high pitched clanging
    こんこん low pitched clanging

    For the purpose of this example, these are all representing a clanging sound. Something hitting something else. かんかん is the sound of something hitting metal or stone. きんきん is the sound of a musical triangle. こんこん is the sound of something hitting something hard and echoey. Again, say them aloud. Hit some things too! See if you can tell what vowel would be used to express the sound you're hearing. Here's are some general rules from Jazz Up Your Japanese:

    long, slow
    little, small, quick
    long, slow
    something negative (bad)
    long, slow


    Though most of these words are repetitive, like the examples above, not all of them follow the same pattern. Some onomatopoeia may even look like "normal" Japanese words to you, especially the mimetic ones that don't represent actual sounds. Here are some examples:


    Just as in many other languages, the reduplication of a sound symbolizes repetition in sound or action. In Japanese this is called jougo 畳語じょうご. You've probably seen this in other places in Japanese with the iteration mark 々 in words like: sometimes 時々ときどき, various 色々いろいろ and people kanji 人々ひとびと. In onomatopoeia they usually refer to something that's happening over and over.

    Japanese English
    ばらばら  heavy rain drops or hail coming down
    わさわさ  grass and leaves rustling in the wind
    ごぼごぼ  gushing water
    だだだだ  something running at full speed
    ごろごろ  something rolling loudly or heavily

    Ending in っ (+ と)

    Although the rules of Japanese state that all sounds must end in a vowel (expect ん) because of the syllabary nature of the language, onomatopoeia are often pronounced with an abrupt stop. This is expressed in written language with a っ and is called a glottal stop. This is what we call a sound made by stopping air in your glottis (it's in your throat). The best way to hear it in English is to say "uh-uh." Some of these will be followed by the particle と in a sentence (but not all of them!). They usually refer to a sound that stopped suddenly or abruptly.

    Japanese English
    ごくっ gulp
    げっ vomiting or gagging
    かっ coughing up something
    ぼーっ a flame flaring up suddenly
    がばっ suddenly waking up

    Ending in り

    The onomatopoeia form ending in り conveys a feeling of softness or slowness. It's basically the opposite of a glottal stop. It's something long, or deliberate, not short or abrupt.

    Japanese English
    ぽっちゃり chubby
    のらりのらり wander around aimlessly
    じゃくり scooping something like sand
    ほっかり warm breath or steam
    のそり moving slowly and sluggishly

    Ending in ん

    Onomatopoeia that end in ん are pronounced with a nasal sound, producing a feeling of "prolonged resonance" or rhythm. If something is echoing or ringing it will usually end in ん. When describing a state of being, not a sound, it usually means something that's continuous.

    Japanese English
    ごほん a strong cough
    こんこん something hitting something else over and over
    しん cold deeply penetrating your body
    じゃぶん strong bubbling
    ぼーん an explosive fire bursting into flames

    Long Vowels

    Words that end in long vowels refer to a sense of continuation or longness. Something is happening and it's happening for a long time.

    Japanese English
    ふわ~ a long yawn
    ぐーぐー loud snoring
    ざーざー heavy, continuous pouring rain
    ちゅーちゅー drinking something down little by little
    のーのー enjoying yourself without caring about what's around you


    These words are like sprinkling some delicious spice into your language. They don't just add emphasis and color, they add a sense of native understand to your speech. That is, if you know how to use them.

    Onomatopoeia can take quite a few grammatical forms and many of them would sound either repetitive or unnatural in English. But in Japanese the repetitiveness is completely normal. Just think of it the way you think of pronouns. In Japanese it makes sense to say the name of the person you're talking about a lot, but in English it sounds strange. Let's look at some examples:

    Adverbs + と

    • 朝の太陽が、おっとりと雪原を照らしていた。
    • The morning sun was gently shining on a snowy field.
    • 雷がごろごろと鳴り始めた。
    • Thunder started rumbling.
    • 波が岩肌に、ざざっと打ち寄せた。
    • The waves crashed into the rocks.
    • 火が風に煽られ、一瞬、ぼっと燃え上がった。
    • The fire was fueled by the wind and momentarily flared up.
    • ぼつぼつと降り始めた雨は、すぐにざーっと勢いを増した。
    • The rain, which had started coming down here and there, suddenly poured down.

    Quotation と

    • みんなにアハハと笑われた。
    • Everyone laughed, "Ahaha!"
    • ゴキブリを見て、思わず「ギャー!」叫んだ。
    • I saw a cockroach and reflexively screamed, "Gyaa!"

    Adverbs + に

    • シャツがびしょびしょに濡れてしまった。
    • My shirt got drenched.
    • この道、がたがたになってるね。
    • This road is getting bumpy, isn't it?
    • あの日は、久しぶりにべろんべろんに酔っ払ったよ。
    • That day I got completely smashed for the first time in a while.
    • お気に入りのシャツがぼろぼろになってしまった。
    • My favorite shirt is getting worn out.
    • レッドブルを飲んだからぎんぎんに目が冴えてるよ。
    • I'm wide awake because I drank a Red Bull.

    Verb + する

    • 汗で下着がじめじめしていて気持ちが悪い。
    • My underwear is soaked in sweat and it feels gross.
    • 知らないうちに、うとうとしていた
    • Before I knew it, I was nodding off.
    • 私の母は、いつもせかせかしている
    • My mom is always fidgeting.
    • なんだか、喉がいがいがする
    • My throat is a little irritated.
    • 親友が引っ越して、しょんぼりしているのさ。
    • A close friend of mine is moving and I feel miserable.

    Verb + やる

    • がんがんやっちまおうぜ。
    • Let's get moving!
    • たまにはこうやってみんなで集まってわいわいやるのもいいよね。
    • It's nice to get together with everyone and be raucous like this sometimes.
    • この問題集なら、さくさくやれちゃいました。
    • These workbook problems have been coming along nicely.
    • 時間がないんだから、ちゃきちゃきやってくれよ!
    • We don't have much time, so let's give it our all!
    • あそこでがやがややってるのが、俺のつれだよ。
    • Those guys crowding around over there are my buddies.

    Adjectives + の

    • ほかほかの肉まんが食べたいなあ。
    • I wanna eat steamy manju.
    • こんなにさらさらの砂、初めて見た!
    • This is the first time I've seen powdery sand!
    • 彼女はばりばりのキャリアウーマンだからね。
    • She's a hard working career woman.
    • 自分のぶよぶよのお腹を見ると悲しくなる。
    • I get sad when I look at my flabby stomach.
    • その勇者は、とてもかっこいいきんぴかの剣を持っていました。
    • The hero had a really cool gilded sword.

    Copula だ

    • もう西瓜はうんざりだ
    • I'm already sick of watermelon.
    • 今日の気分はるんるんだぜー。
    • Today I'm feeling ecstatic!
    • このまくら、ぐにゃぐにゃだぜ?
    • Is this pillow squishy?
    • 徹夜続きでくたくただ
    • I'm exhausted from being up all night.
    • 赤ちゃんの手はぷくぷくだ
    • The baby's hands are cute and chubby.

    Spice Up Your Life!

    See, that wasn't so bad! You know just about everything there is to know about Japanese onomatopoeia now. So let's go back to those basic verbs you know and add some flavor to them:

    きる To wake up

    Japanese English
    むくむくと起きる to roll out of bed
    むっくり起きる to jump out of bed (suddenly)
    のっそり起きる to slowly wake up

    る to sleep

    Japanese English
    ぐうぐう寝る to snore fast asleep
    すやすや寝る to sleep soundly and peacefully
    うとうと寝る to nod off, to start to fall asleep
    すうすう寝る to sleep with normal, even breathing

    べる to eat

    Japanese English
    がつがつ食べる to eat greedily or with burning desire
    ぱくぱく食べる to eat with your mouth flapping open and shut
    むしゃむしゃ食べる to munch and crunch on something
    ぺろぺろ食べる to lick (ice cream)

    む to drink

    Japanese English
    がぶがぶ飲む to guzzle something down quickly
    ちびちび飲む to take a small sips, trying to make it last
    ぐびぐび飲む repetitive gulping of alcohol
    ごくごく飲む to gulp something down

    あるく to walk

    とぼとぼ歩く to trudge
    のろのろ歩く to inch along
    すたこら歩く to hurry about
    ちょこちょこ歩く to scurry along, with small steps

    る to see

    Japanese English
    じろじろ見る to rudely stare
    まじまじ見る to stare directly into someone's face
    しばしば見る to blink repeatedly
    ちらちら見る to glance out of the corner of your eye repeatedly

    く to cry

    Japanese English
    めそめそ泣く to cry uncontrollably
    しくしく泣く to cry gently, weeping secretly
    おいおい泣く to cry loudly (an adult crying)
    ぐすぐす泣く to cry and sniffle

    う to laugh

    Japanese English
    にこにこ笑う to smile
    げらげら笑う to laugh out loud, gaffaw
    にんまり笑う to smile with satisfaction
    くすくす笑う to giggle, chuckle quietly


    Was this guide just not enough for you? Here are our reviews of some great English language resources:

    An Illustrated Dictionary of Japanese Onomatopoeia Expressions Jazz Up Your Japanese with Onomatopoeia And the ultimate Japanese language onomatopoeia dictionary:

    And further reading on sound symbolism in Japanese:

    Tofugu's Onomatopeia Dictionary

    While researching for this guide I found a serious lack of reliable English language information. I could look up each word I found on trusty Jisho.org, but many of the definitions only supplied a general gloss and usually didn't include many of the mimetic meanings of the words. Japanese language sources were also, surprisingly, few and far between.

    That's why I decided to compile a HUGE onomatopoeia dictionary for you all to use. Go crazy, kids!


    Bright and Clear

    おっとり Quiet sunlight
    かっ・かっか Hot sunlight blazing down
    からっ・からり Low and clear, comfortable temperatures
    かんかん Strong summer sunlight blazing down
    ぎらぎら Strong midsummer sun blazing down
    けろり A cloudy sky becoming bright and clear
    さんさん(燦燦) Lots of shining sunlight
    じりじり The sun burning brightly
    すかっ Clear without a single cloud
    とっぷり Completely dark

    Rain, Snow, and Ice

    ごろごろ The sound of thunder rumbling and reverberating
    こんこん Snow and hail coming down one by one
    ざーざー Large amounts of continuous rain falling
    ざーっ・ざっ A light shower coming down for a short time
    ざーっ・ざっ A short, violent evening shower
    ざざっ Rain or waves violently pounding
    しとしと Rain gently falling
    じとじと・じめじめ Rain continuously falling and soaking things
    しゃりしゃり Walking through snow or sand
    ちらほら A small amount of snow scatteringly falling from the sky
    どんより Rain will fall any moment now
    はらはら Powdered snow that seems quite light
    ばらばら Large drops of rain or hail suddenly coming down
    ぱらぱら A small amount of rain or hail suddenly coming down

    Wind, Blowing

    ごーっ A strong wind raging
    さーさー Wind blowing tree leaves together
    さーっ Wind momentarily blowing
    ざーっ Wind violently shaking tree leaves
    さやさや The sound of tree leaves in a gentle breeze
    さわさわ Plants rustling as the wind blows
    すーすー Blowing through a crack to create a draft
    すーっ The feeling of a draft or gentle breeze on the body
    すかすか Moving through the wind or air
    そよそよ A gentle breeze quietly blowing
    そよ・そより Wind lightly, quietly blowing
    はたはた Cloth fluttering in the wind
    ばたばた Cloth strongly flapping in the wind
    ぱたぱた Cloth lightly flapping in the wind
    ひゅー・ぴゅー The sound of slightly strong wind blowing
    びゅー The sound of strong wind blowing over
    ひゅーひゅ Strong wind hitting trees and electric lines
    びゅーびゅー Strong, continuous typhoon winds
    ぴゅーぴゅー Strong, continuous, and cold wintry winds
    ひゅっ・びゅっ・ぴゅっ Something cutting and flying in the wind
    ひゅるるん Wind sharply whistling through the air
    びゅんびゅん・ぴゅんぴゅん Continuous, strong wind blowing
    ふー Wind blowing
    ぶぉーっ Wind violently blasting or bursting out
    ぶんぶん Wind heavily roaring overhead
    わさわさ Grass and leaves stirring or rustling


    Cold Weather and Feeling Cold

    じわじわ The cold gradually piercing your body
    しん The cold deeply penetrating your body
    じんじん Your body going numb with cold
    すーすー Wind blowing through a crack when it's chilly
    すかすか Feeling chilly from moving air
    ぞーっ Cold from goosebumps running up your spine
    ぞくぞく Shivering from the cold or a fever
    ぞくり Suddenly getting intense shivers
    ひやっ・ひやり Cold water or air touching your skin
    ひやひや Your skin feeling cold
    ひやりひやり Your skin feeling cold over and over
    りん Tensing up from the cold
    ぎんぎん Feeling incredibly cold
    ひんやり Feeling cool
    きーん Feeling too cold

    Hot and Warm

    うらら Warm, spring sunlight
    かっ・かっか Growing hot from fire or anger
    ぬくぬく・ぬっくり A comfortable, warm place
    ほかほか A warm body or food
    ぽかぽか Feeling comfortable warmth
    ぽかりぽかり Warm from sunlight
    ほこっ・ほこほこ Warm and feeling good
    ぽっぽっ Growing heat from within your body
    ほのぼの Feeling warm inside (your heart or soul)
    ほやほや So new that steam is rising off it
    ほわっ Soft and wrapped in warmth
    ほんわか A warm, comfortable atmosphere
    むしむし Too much warmth, unpleasantly hot
    むわっ・もわっ Heat spreading out in front of you
    むん Suddenly feeling heat
    むんむ・むんむん Wrapped in oppressive heat
    もわもわ Steam spreading out in front of you

    Water and Liquids

    Water drops, Dripping, Falling, and Splashing

    ちゅっ・ぴゅっ A small amount of water, forcefully shooting through the air
    ばしゃっ Water forcefully scattering
    ぱしゃっ Water gently scattering
    ばちゃっ A huge splash of water
    ぱちゃっ A small splash of water
    はらはら Tears endlessly falling
    びしゃっ Water violently splashing
    ぴしゃっ Water sharply splashing
    びちゃっ Water violently hitting something with a high sound
    ぴちゃっ A small amount of water splashing
    ぼしゃっ A momentarily heavy splash
    ぽたり・ぽたん・ぽつり・ぽつん・ぽたり・ぽたん Water droplets falling on the surface of something
    ぼたぼた Fairly large water droplets falling continuously
    ぽたぽた A small amount of water dripping
    ぼとぼと Fairly large water droplets heavily falling
    ぽとぽと A small amount of water trickling down
    ぽろぽろ Tears spilling out over and over

    Flowing, Pouring, and Streaming

    がばがば A large amount of water streaming forcefully
    ごーっ A large amount of water echoing from a ways away
    ころころ Water lightly flowing
    さーっ・ざーっ A large amount of water pouring out all at once
    ざーざー A large amount of water streaming continuously
    さらさら A quiet, shallow brook
    しゃーしゃー Water lightly flowing continuously
    じゃーじゃー Water, usually from a faucet, flowing continuously
    しょろしょろ Just a little bit of water flowing
    だくだく A large amount of sweat
    だぼだぼ Pouring a large amount of water of liquids
    たらたら Sweat or blood falling
    だらだら Sweat, blood, or oil dripping
    ちょろちょろ A thin brook trickling
    どーっ A large amount of water flowing violently all at once
    どーどー A large amount of water flowing down
    とくとく Glugging or gurgling from a small mouth
    どくどく Something, like blood, overflowing out
    どばどば A large amount of water spurting out all at once
    どぶどぶ The sound of water or sake being poured
    どぼどぼ A large amount of liquid being poured continuously
    とろとろ Something thick flowing

    Damp, Oozing, and Running

    しっとり Soaked in a moderate amount of moisture
    じっとり Uncomfortably sweaty
    じとじと Covered in an uncomfortable amount of rain
    しとっ・しとり Completely soaked through with a light dampness
    じとっ・じとり Unpleasant moisture and humidity
    じみじみ Feeling damp
    じめじめ Completely soaked in humidity and moisture, sodden and clammy
    じゅくじゅく Completely soaked and oozing
    じわじわ Moisture slowly spreading
    じわっ Liquids soaking and oozing
    じんわり Soaking slowly with sweat or tears
    べっとり Deeply stained with sweat
    べとべと Sticky with sweat or blood

    Getting Wet

    ぐしょぐしょ・ぐちょぐちょ Clothes getting completely wet
    ぐっしょり Clothes getting severely wet
    しとしと Getting wet from light rain or fog
    ずくずく The uncomfortable feeling of getting wet from rain or water
    とっぷり・どっぷり Being completely immersed in bath water or liquids
    びしょびしょ・びちょびちょ Horribly soaked by a large amount of water
    びしゃびしゃ・びちゃびちゃ Water collecting on the surface
    ひたひた Lightly soaking in water
    びっしょり Disgustingly drenched in a large amount of sweat
    びっちょり Completely drenched in a large amount of water
    べちゃべちゃ Getting soft from water, mushy and soggy
    べちょべちょ Unpleasant from excess moisture

    Rippling, Bubbling, and Sinking

    こぽこぽ Water bubbling gently
    ごぼごぼ Bubbling loudly
    ごぽごぽ Water mixing in with the air
    ざざっ Waves violently breaking
    ざばっ A large amount of water moving
    ざぶっ・ざぶん The sound of jumping into water
    じゃぶん・じゃぼん Water violently flying
    たぷんたぷん Water being shifted and rippling
    たぽたぽ The sound of something slapping against water
    ちゃぷちゃぷ Water sloshing lightly
    どぶん・どぼん Something heavy falling into water
    とぷんとぷん The sound of water sloshing gently
    どんぶりこ Something sinking underwater
    ひたひた Waves lapping against the shore
    ぶくぶく Bubbling
    ぷくぷく Small bubbles forming
    ぼこぼこ Big bubbles rising, burbling



    かっか The sun and fire continuously burning hot
    ちょろちょろ A small flame continuously burning
    ちろちろ A small flame flickering as it burns
    とろとろ Simmering for a long time
    ぱちぱち Strong popping of a fire
    ぱっぱっ Large flames fiercely burning
    ぱりぱり Something burned crispy
    ぶすぶす・ぷすぷす Sputtering of smokey embers
    ぼーっ・ぼっ A flame flaring up for a moment
    ぼーぼー Fire burning
    ぼーん Fire flaring up explosively
    ぼっぼっ A large flame flaring every once in a while
    めらめら Suddenly bursting into flames


    Dirt, Sand, and Rocks

    がたがた A road that isn't paved
    ごつごつ Something jagged or rugged, like bare rock
    ごろごろ Something like a boulder tumbling
    こんもり The swelling roundness of a mountain
    ざーっ Forcefully moving sand
    さくさく Stepping on soft dirt or sand
    さくっ Sand mixing as you step on it
    さくりさくり Walking on soft dirt or sand
    ざっく Roughly grabbing something like sand
    さらさら Dry sand sifting or falling
    じゃりじゃり Pebbles or sand crunching together
    じゃりっ Pebbles hitting each other while they fall
    ずぶずぶ・ずぼずぼ Sinking into a swamp or a sand
    そくそく Stepping on sand as you walk
    でこぼこ Uneven ground
    べちょっ Smearing mud or paint
    ぼこぼこ Lots of hollows or holes

    Actions and Conditions

    Walking and Running

    うろうろ Wandering aimlessly
    えっちらおっちら Walking with great difficulty, barely managing to walk
    かっぽかっぽ The sound of horse hooves
    さっさ・さっさっ Feet moving vigorously
    すたこら Fast paced, eager walking
    すたこらさっさ Running away without looking back
    すたすた Briskly walking without looking around
    せかせか Jogging as if you're in a hurry
    たー・たたー Lightly taking off into a run
    たかたか The high pitched footsteps of a child running
    たじたじ Staggering or tripping over your feet
    だだーっ Powerfully running through
    たたたた Running at full speed
    だだだだ Rushing forward
    たったかたったか Light running
    たったっ Walking quickly with long strides
    ちょこちょこ Scurrying along with short steps
    てくてく Going a long way, trudging along
    てけてけ Walking with the same rhythm
    どっしどっし Heavily stomping with your weight
    とーん Stamping forcefully with your foot
    とことこ The small steps of children
    とっとことっとこ・とっとっ The rhythm of quick, small steps
    とっと Quickly walking
    ととと Trotting, jogging
    どたばた Noisily running around
    とぼとぼ Stooping as you walk a long way, trudging
    のさのさ Like you don't care, haughtily
    のしのし Strong, heavy steps, lumbering
    のそのそ Hulking and slow, like a slow giant
    のっしのっし Walking with huge, clumsy strides, like a giant
    のらりのらり Slowly, aimlessly walking
    のろのろ・のろりのろり Proceeding at a snail's pace, slow and sluggish
    ぱかぱか・ぱっぱか The sound of light horse footsteps, clip clop
    ぱたぱた・ばたばた The pitter patter of footsteps
    ひょこひょこ Taking a carefree stroll
    ふらふら・ぶらぶら Wandering around without any goal or purpose
    よたよた And old, or sick person, weak on their feet
    よちよち An infant still learning how to walk
    よぼよぼ And old person shaking while they walk
    よろよろ Someone who looks like they could collapse at any moment
    わたわた Restless and unable to calm down

    Waking Up and Getting Up

    がばっ Suddenly wake up all at once
    さっ Taking the initiative, and standing up willingly
    しゃっきり Straight backed
    しゃん Standing up straight, looking forward
    すくっ・すっく Vigorously standing upright
    すたっ Getting up lightly
    すっ Getting up casually and carefree
    すとん Lightly jumping down
    ぬーっ Standing up straight, silently, without doing anything
    のっそり Slowly, ponderously getting up
    ぱっ Quickly standing up in reaction to something
    ばらばら A large number of people standing up and moving one after the other
    ひょい Lightly getting up
    ぴん Jumping up and standing erect
    むくっ・むっく・むっくり Suddenly waking up and getting up
    むくむく Squirming while getting up

    Sleeping and Laying Down

    うとうと・うつらうつら Half asleep, nodding off
    うとっ Suddenly hit with drowsiness
    こっくりこっくり Your body moving from nodding off
    くーくー The sound your nose makes when you're fast asleep
    ぐーぐー・ぐーすか Snoring while you're fast asleep
    ぐっすり Completely and totally asleep
    こっくり Completely and totally asleep
    こてっ Nodding off with your head suddenly drooping
    ことっ Suddenly losing your strength and collapsing
    ころっ・ころり Falling asleep from fatigue
    ごろっ・ごろり・ごろん Lying down and easily falling asleep
    こんこん(昏昏) Laying down and stretching out
    すーすー Falling into a long, deep sleep
    すやすや Normal, even breathing while asleep
    どたん Peaceful breathing while asleep, sleeping soundly
    とろっ Feeling tired and heavy
    とろとろ Looking sleepy
    とろん Dozing, a light doze

    Doing Nothing

    ぐーたら Not having the willpower to do anything
    ごろごろ・ごこりごこり Passing the time doing nothing
    ごろんごろん Rolling around idly
    のーのー Happily ignoring your surroundings
    のんびり To feel at ease, without a job or worries
    ぶらぶら Living in laziness and doing nothing
    ぶらり Being bored and doing nothing
    ぼけっ Living idly and sloppily


    うんざり Disgusted and fed up
    がっかり Horribly exhausted, losing energy
    くたくた・ぐたぐた Horribly tired and worn out
    くたっ・ぐたっ・ぐったり Tired and unable to move
    げっそり Horribly exhausted and withering away
    げんなり Weakening from fatigue and heat
    ずたぼろ Mentally and emotionally exhausted
    へとへと Completely exhausted and out of breath
    ぼろぼろ Mentally and emotionally worn out
    よたよた Staggering and unable to walk straight from exhaustion

    Shivering and Shaking

    がくがく Joints, like knees, shaking
    がたがた Shivering violently from coldness or fear
    がちがち Teeth chattering from coldness or fear
    ざわざわ Goosebumps from a bad feeling
    ぞーっ Chills going up your spine from fear
    ぞくぞく Body shaking from cold, fear, or excitement
    ぞくっ A sudden chill from cold, fear, or excitement
    ぞぞ The feeling of unpleasant coldness
    ぞっ Visually shaking for a moment from fear
    ひくっ・ぴくっ・ぴくり・ぴくん Body, or part of it, spasming suddenly
    びくっ Body suddenly, reflexively shaking or trembling
    ひくひく Part of your body twitching or cramping
    びくびく・ぴくぴく Part of your body shaking from fear
    ぴくりぴくり・ぴくんぴくん Continuously shaking for a period of time
    びりっ・びりん Body going numb from sudden stimulation
    ぴりっ A sudden shaking movement
    びりびり Something like glass resonating from an explosion, rattling
    ぶるっ Your whole body suddenly shaking from the cold
    ぷるっ Vibrating for a moment
    ふるふる・ぷるぷる Moved by light shaking or vibrating
    ぶるぶる Trembling from cold, fear, or anger
    ぶるり Suddenly shaking and moving
    ぶるん Waving or shaking something around, like an arm
    ぶるんぶるん Continuously, intensely shaking
    わなわな Shaking from cold, fear, or anger

    Looking and Glaring

    うつらうつら Eyes opening and closing, seeing and not seeing, nodding off
    かっ Eyes wide open, glaring
    きっ An intense look in your eyes and attitude
    きょときょと Looking around restlessly over and over
    きょろきょろ Turning around looking around restlessly
    ぎょろぎょろ Big eyeballs shining keenly
    きょろ Charming eyes opening wide
    ぎょろ・ぎょろり Glaring intently at someone
    きょろり Quickly surveying your surroundings
    ぎらぎら A glint in your eyes / not hiding the lust in your eyes
    きろっ The sudden movement of your eyes
    ぎろっ・きろり Big eyes glaring
    ぎろり Glaring threateningly
    ぎんぎん Continuously opening your eyes wide
    ぐっ Keenly staring at your focal point
    じーっ・じっ Not taking your eyes off your target
    しげしげ Staring at something over and over, fixedly
    じとっ・じとり Glaring with jealously and resentment
    しばしば Blinking repeatedly
    しょぼしょぼ Blinking wearily after your eyes were open a long time
    しょぼっ Eyes that are open but can't understand what they see
    じろじろ Rudely staring at someone over and over
    じろっ・じろり Coldly glaring at someone
    じろりじろり Rudely sending and obstinate look at someone
    ちかちか Strong light irritating your eyes
    ちらちら Look out of the corner of your eye over and over
    ちらっ・ちらり Glancing out of the corner of your eye for a moment
    ちらりちらり Something appearing and disappearing, flickering
    ちろっ Sharply glancing sideways
    つくづく Gazing intently, unabashedly
    とろり・とろん・どろん With eyes dull from drunkenness
    どんより Dull eyes, losing life
    ぱちり・ぱちぱち・ぱっちり Looking with big, wide eyes
    はっきり Seeing the target clearly
    ぽつっ・ぽつん Squinting at something small
    ぼんやり Only able to see dim outlines
    まざまざ Plainly visible before your eyes
    まじまじ Staring directly into your face

    Eating, Chewing, and Licking

    あんぐり Taking big bites with a wide, open mouth
    がしがし Chewing something wildly with your teeth
    がつがつ Devouring something and giving into your desires
    がっぷり Biting something deeply and not letting go
    がばがば Continuing to eat food energetically
    がぶっ・がぶり Taking a big bite of something
    かりかり Lightly chewing on something hard with your teeth
    がりがり Trying to munch something hard with your teeth
    かりっ・かりり・かりん Biting once into something hard
    がりっ・がりり Chewing a mouthful of something hard
    くしゃくしゃ・くちゃくちゃ・ぐちゃぐちゃ Eating loudly and vulgarly
    ぐちゅぐちゅ Rinsing out your mouth or chewing something
    こりこり Biting something hard in your mouth
    こりっ Biting into something hard
    ごりっ Biting forcefully into something hard
    さくっ The light feeling when you bite into something
    しこっ Pleasant crunchiness
    しゃきしゃき Eating fresh vegetables with lots of texture, like celery
    じゅるっ Sipping on mostly liquid food
    しょりしょり Refreshing, light crunchiness
    じょりじょり Eating something granular and feeling the roughness in your mouth
    ずるずる Sipping noodles, or something similar, loudly and vulgarly
    つるつる Sipping noodles, or something similar, lightly
    ばくっ・ぱくっ A big mouth biting forcefully
    ばくばく・ぱくぱく・ばくりばくり・ぱくりぱくり Opening and closing a big mouth repeatedly (usually while eating)
    ぱくり・ぱくん・ぱっくん Eating something with a big mouth and swallowing
    ばりばり Chewing something hard with your teeth
    ぱりぱり Eating something crispy
    ぴちゃぴちゃ・ぺちゃぺちゃ Eating while making unpleasant tongue noises
    べちゃべちゃ Eating and making vulgar noises
    ぺろっ・べろっ Licking quickly
    ぺろり・べろり Eating up all the food
    べろべろ・ぺろぺろ Running your tongue over something
    ぺろぺろ Licking exaggeratedly over and over again
    べろん・ぺろん Licking something exaggeratedly once
    べろんべろん・ぺろんぺろん Running your tongue over something exaggeratedly, multiple times
    ぼりっ Loudly biting something hard
    ぼりぼり Chewing something hard with your teeth
    ぽりぽり Chewing something hard lightly with your teeth
    むぐむぐ Chewing something without opening your mouth
    むしゃむしゃ Eating something swiftly
    むしゃり Taking one, quick bite
    むしゃりむしゃり Eating something quickly, continuously
    むにゃむにゃ Muttering with food in your mouth
    もぐもぐ Stuffing food in your mouth and chewing over and over
    もごもご Mumbling while you eat, chewing your words
    もそもそ Eating something dry and unpleasant
    もりもり Eating with gusto

    Drinking and Getting Drunk

    がばがば Continuously drinking alcohol, like beer, a lot
    がばっ Drinking a lot at one time with a big mouth
    がぶがぶ Drinking a lot quickly
    がぷがぷ Drinking quickly and breathing, drink, take a breath, drink, take a breath
    がぶっ・がぶり Drinking a lot all at once
    がぶりがぶり Drinking a lot over and over again
    がぼがぼ Drinking quickly all of a sudden
    かぽっ・がぼっ Taking a drink in a good mood
    きゅー・きゅっ Drinking down some strong alcohol
    くい Lightly drinking something like sake in one gulp
    ぐい Gulping down something like sake in one breath
    くいくい Continuously gulping down something like sake
    ぐいぐい Quickly drinking a lot of something like sake
    くー・ぐー・ぐーっ・くくー Drinking something in one gulp
    くっ・ぐっ Gulping down something
    ぐっぐっ Drinking quickly without stopping for air
    ぐでんぐでん Getting black out drunk
    ぐたぐた Getting so drunk you can't even move your body
    ぐびっ・ぐぶり The gulping noise your throat makes when you drink alcohol
    ぐびぐび・ぐびりぐびり Repetitive gulping from drinking alcohol
    こくこく Drinking and tasting delicious flavors
    ごくごく・ごっくりごっくり・ごぶごぶ Drinking and making gulping sounds with your throat
    こくっ・こくり・こくん・こっくん Sipping or swallowing lightly
    ごくっ・ごくり・ごくん・ごっくん Sipping or swallowing and making a gulp sound
    こくりこくり Sipping or swallowing slowly as if you're savoring the flavors
    ごくりごくり Drinking continuously with loud gulp, gulp, gulping sounds
    ごくんごくん Drinking quickly with gulp, gulp, gulping sounds
    ごっくり Drinking loudly in one breath
    じゅるっ Swallowing or sipping spit, soup, or a liquid
    ずーずー Swallowing or sipping soup, or a liquid with higer-pitch loud sound, like sucking soba noodles
    ずーっ・すすっ・ずずっ Swallowing or sipping soup, or a liquid with loudly, like soba noodles
    ずるずる Loudly slurping noodles
    ずるっ A snort of mucus or soup
    ちびりちびり Slowly sipping alcohol
    ちゅーちゅー・ちゅるちゅる Sucking a liquid (with a straw) or noodles slowly
    ちゅっ A short slurp of soup or a liquid
    ぴちゃぴちゃ Wet licking sound an animal, like a dog, makes
    ひっく Hiccup, usually of a drunk person
    ぺちゃぺちゃ Making tongue noises while drinking and/or eating
    へべれけ Getting super drunk, with slurred thinking and speaking
    べろべろ・べろんべろん Getting so drunk you can't move your body normally
    ほろっ・ほろり Getting tipsy, or a comfortable amount of drunkness
    ぽわん Getting drunk and feeling great, like you're floating
    れろれろ Getting tongue tied from alcohol or drugs

    Puking and Vomiting

    がらがら・がらがらぺっ Vomiting and gargling
    げー・げっ Vomiting food and drinks
    げーげー・げろげろ Continuously vomiting food and drinks
    げろっ Vomiting instantly
    ぷっぷっ Violently vomit in your own mouth
    ぺっぺっ Forcefully vomit spit and phlegm
    むかっ・むかむか Feeling the urge to vomit in your stomach, holding it down

    Saying and Speaking

    うだうだ Constantly making excuses and complaints
    がたがた Complaining a lot
    がみがみ A higher status person giving you a lecture or scolding you with strong words or tone
    がやがや Many people talking loudly
    きっぱり Saying something clearly with a straightforward expression
    ぎゃーぎゃー Making complaints loudly and repeatedly
    きゃんきゃん・きんきん Shouting, crying, or yelling with a high-pitch voice
    ぐちぐち Making complaints to someone or aloud to yourself
    ぐずぐず Muttering complaints
    くだくだ・ぐだぐだ・くどくど Doing or saying the same thing over and over again incessantly
    ぐたぐた Complaining over and over about things, listing them
    ぐちゃぐちゃ Talking forever about meaningless things
    ごじゃごじゃ・ごたごた・ごちゃごちゃ Telling various excuses or complaints
    こそこそ Whispering secretly
    ごちょごちょ Saying something into someone's ear
    ごにょごにょ Muttering so that others can't hear you
    ざっくばらん Explaining your situation frankly
    しどろもどろ Making illogical excuses, panicking and making terrible excuses that don't make sense
    しんみり Saying something sadly with a quiet, calm tone
    ずけずけ Saying something very straight forward
    ずばずば・ずばっ・ずばり Saying or pointing out something straight forward, get to the point in a very outspoken manner
    すらすら Speaking really fluently, smoothly
    たらたら Complaining about something over and over for a really long time
    だらだら Talking about or explaining something really unclearly and taking a long time to do it
    ちゃらちゃら Chatting and being really flirty
    つけつけ・つかつか Not hesitating to say something, saying whatever you think
    つべつべ Annoyingly complaining or theorizing at someone
    ぬけぬけ Saying or making something up to show off
    はきはき Talking or replying in a clear, friendly manner
    ばしばし Saying things without holding back or hesitating
    ぴーちくぱーちく Loudly talking with a high pitched voice
    ぴしゃっ・ぴしゃり Stubbornly taking one side in an argument
    ひそひそ Whispering so the people around you can't hear
    ぶーぶー Whining and complaining a lot
    ふがふが The air moving through your mouth because your false teeth fell out
    ぶつくさ・ぶつぶつ Continuously complaining in a low voice
    ぶつっ・ぶつり Muttering a single word under your breath
    べちゃくちゃ・ぺちゃくちゃ・ぺちゃぺちゃ Continuously chatting about frivolous things
    ぺらっ Chatting fluently
    ぺらぺら Being able to speak a fluent language fluently
    ぼそり・ぽつり Saying a single word in a low voice
    ぼそぼそ Speaking with a really low, lifeless voice
    ぽんぽん Cheerfully showing someone in what you're saying over and over
    むにゃむにゃ Sleep talking, or mumbling
    もぐもぐ・もごもご Mumbling, talking without opening your mouth very much
    やいのやいの Meddling or pressing someone for information that isn't your business
    れろれろ Getting tongue tied from alcohol or drugs
    わいわい・わやわや Many people talking loudly

    Coughing and Choking

    えへん Coughing violently and clearing your throat
    おほん Clearing your throat for attention
    かーっ Coughing up phlegm into your mouth from your throat
    かっ Violently breathing in phlegm or spit
    ぐぐっ Food or air caught in your throat
    けほけほ Choking slightly
    げほげほ・ごほごほ Strong coughing fit
    こほこほ・こんこん Light cough
    ごほん Coughing strongly once to clear a blocked throat
    こほんこほん A light, halting cough
    ごほんごほん Strongly coughing many time
    ぜーぜー Breathing through phlegm


    がやがや A crowd of people gathered together talking noisily
    きーきー A noisy, shrill voice
    きゃーきゃー・ぎゃーぎゃー Yelping out of joy or fear
    ぎゃんぎゃん Making a big fuss, bawling
    ごたごた Noisy complaining and fussing
    ざわざわ A bunch of people causing a commotion
    じゃんじゃか Something like a musical instrument making a lot of noise
    ちゃんちゃか The playful noise of a banquet or dinner party
    てんやわんや A large number of people scrambling over each other in total confusion
    どがちゃが Getting chaotic
    どさくさ Confusion or a scandal
    どさどさ A crowd of people jumbling together one after another
    どたどた The sound of people heavily and recklessly moving around
    どたばた・どたんばたん Noisily running or stomping around
    どやどや The sound of many footsteps going in and out of somewhere
    どんちゃか・どんちゃん Boisterous revelry, the sounds of music and enjoyment at a banquet or party
    ぱたぱた The sound of busily moving around
    やいやい An uproar unable to settle down
    わーわー A raised voice crying or screaming
    わいわい・わやわや A large group of people making a lot of noise
    わっ A large group of people stirring all at once
    わっさわっさ A crowd yelling all at once
    わんわ Noisiness

    Laughing and Smiling

    あっはっは・あはは・わはは Cheerfully, loudly laughing
    あはあは A rude laugh with your mouth open
    いひひ A wily, laugh with your mouth pulled to the sides
    うっしっし Chuckling to yourself after you did something well
    うはうは Laughing in a loud, rude voice after making a large profit
    うひひ A mean laugh of someone who has a scheme or plan
    うひょひょ Accidentally letting out a small, happy laugh
    うふっ A short, low laugh
    うふふ With your mouth only open a little, as if you know something they don't know
    えへへ A shy, embarrassed laugh
    おほほ・ほほほ With a narrow mouth, acting refined
    かかか Laughter that seems happy, but is despicable
    がはは A long, hearty, loud laugh
    からから A hearty laugh, without a care or worry
    きゃー A shrill laugh
    きゃっきゃっ The laughter of children playing and having fun
    ぎゃはは Laughing vulgarly when you encounter something that is good for you or that you can take advantage of
    くーっ・くっ Trying not to laugh, but laughing anyway
    くくっ Laughing, but trying to hold back
    くすくす Laughing quietly, unable to hold it in, chuckling
    くすっ・くすり Letting out just a little bit of a laugh
    くすん A light laugh out of your nose
    くっく・くっくっ Laughing quietly, unable to hold it in
    けけ A weird, high laugh
    けたけた High laughter that sounds fake or superficial
    げたげた Loud, rude laughter
    げたっ Rudely laughing with a loose expression
    けっけっ A mocking laugh, making fun of someone
    けらけら・けろけろ Innocent, high laughter
    げらげら Openly vulgar laughter, guffaw
    ころころ Laughing and rolling happily because something is really funny or fun
    どっ・どっと Many people laughing together loudly
    にーっ Smiling in an eerie way to imply something
    にかっ Smiling with your teeth showing
    にこっ・にこり・にっこり Smiling happily to show that you're happy
    にこにこ Laughing and smiling brightly, showing gratitude
    にたっ・にたにた A broad, evil grin, unable to hide your joy
    にたりにたり Repeatedly smirking smugly
    にっ Smiling lovingly without making a sound
    にっこにこ Laughing and smiling with the utmost happiness
    にやっ Unintentionally smiling and showing your joy
    にやにや・にやり Giving a faint, cold smile
    にんまり Smiling with satisfaction because things went your way
    はっはっ・ははは Laughing without a worry or care
    ひっひっ・ひひひ Shifty laughing of a bad person or villain
    ぷー・ふっ・ぷっ Busting out with laughter at something funny
    ふっふっ A fearless smile
    ふふ A suppressed laugh, without being able to hide your joy
    ふふん Laughing through your nose, looking down on someone else
    へっへっ・へへへ Laughing meanly, triumphantly
    へらへら A frivolous, superficial laugh
    ほくほく Laughing or smiling because you gained something, usually money or profit
    ほっほっ Laughing loudly as if you're out of breath, like Santa's laugh
    わーっ A sudden, loud laugh


    あーん・うわーん A child crying loudly without considering the people around it
    あんあん・えんえん A person crying loudly
    うえんうえん Spinelessly crying or whining with your mouth shaped like the へ character
    うるうる・うるるん Moved to tears
    うるっ Unintentionally crying
    えーん A child crying because it wants attention
    おーおー A person crying loudly from sadness
    おいおい An adult crying pitifully
    おぎゃーおぎゃー A baby bawling
    ぎゃー・ぎゃーぎゃー An obstinate kid shouting
    ぐしょぐしょ Lots of tears flowing
    ぐすぐす Crying and sniffling
    ぐすっ・ぐすり Sniffling, moved to tears
    ぐすりぐすり Sniffling and snorting snot
    くすん・ぐすん・ぐっすん The sound of your nose sniff when you cry
    しくしく Crying gently, or feeling pitty for someone or something
    ひーひー Crying out with a pitiful voice
    ひっく A crying hiccup, similar to hyperventilation
    ひっひっ Sobbing but trying to hold back
    べそべそ Crying while grumbling
    ほろっ・ほろり・ぽろり To shed a single tear out of sympathy or from being emotionally moved
    ぼろぼろ Crying large tears
    ぽろぽろ Tears that won't stop falling
    ほろりほろり・ぽろりぽろり Tears spilling down your cheeks one at a time
    めーめー Crying like a spineless baby
    めそめそ Uncontrollably crying with no self respect
    よよ A woman feebly bursting into tears
    わーわー・わーん・わんわん Bawling without caring about where you are
    わっ Suddenly, violently bursting into tears

    Angry, Upset, Antisocial

    かーっ Getting upset because something didn't go as planned
    かっ Blowing up out of shame or anger
    かっか・かっかっ・がみがみ Agitated by anger or dissatisfaction
    かりかり Quick to take offense, tightly wound
    かんかん So outraged that you won't listen to reason
    きっ Sudden hardening of your manner or expression
    ぞっ Feeling unpleasant
    つっけんどん Acting curt or unfriendly
    つん・つんつん Facing away disgruntled
    つんけん Acting unsociable or crabby
    とげとげ A mean attitude, expression, or tone of voice
    ぷい Facing away without responding
    ぷー Blowing your cheeks out with anger or unhappiness
    ぶすっ・ぶすり Blowing your cheeks out with anger or unhappiness, looking sullen
    ぷっ・ぶりっ・ぷりぷり Blowing your cheeks out with anger or unhappiness
    ぷん Blowing your cheeks out and refusing to speak
    ぷんぷん Opening showing your anger or displeasure
    ぼさっ Acting unsociable, unfriendly
    むーっ Showing your anger or displeasure
    むかっ・むかむか Anger suddenly welling up, surge of anger
    むしゃむしゃ Losing your calm and getting upset often
    むすっ Pouting silently
    むっ Being angered by someone's words or actions
    むっつり Ignoring social graces and being blunt and curt
    むらむら Anger coming up from the bottom of your stomach, anger welling up

    Not Feeling Well

    かくっ・がくっ Suddenly losing some of your energy
    がっかり・がっくり Discouraged by disappointing results
    かくん・かっくん A little disappointed because your hopes didn't come true
    がびーん Hit with disappointment and shock
    ぎゃふん Not being able to talk back at all after being accused of something, unable to argue
    ぎゅー Knocked down (emotionally) after being accused of something
    くしゃっ Losing motivation and hope
    ぐったり Completely exhausted from fatigue or sickness
    くよくよ Worrying about the past or trivial things
    げっそり Losing weight or getting sick from sickness or anxiety
    しおしお Disappointed by your own failures
    しゅん・しょぼしょぼ・しょぼっ Not energetic, depressed
    しょぼん Depressed, losing energy and willpower
    しょんぼり Depressed and feeling lonely
    しんみり Lonely and quiet, solemn
    すごすご Leaving somewhere depressed, dejected
    とぼとぼ Walking depressed, trudging along
    とほほ Being miserable and pitiful
    へたへた Suddenly losing strength and having to sit down
    へなへな Losing strength and having to sit down
    よぼよぼ Mentally weak, physically growing old


    いそいそ Happy and lighthearted
    うきうき Happy, cheerfully lighthearted, and full of hope
    うしうし Happily and skillfully going about your business
    うはうは Full of smiles and happiness
    きゃぴきゃぴ Bringing out the happy youthfulness in a bitter woman
    ほいほい Happily carefree and without much thought
    ほくほく Openly happy and pleased with yourself
    らんらん Feeling exhilarated and jumping for joy
    るんるん Feeling exhilarated, euphoric, and humming happily
    わくわく Your heart fluttering from joy or anticipation


    あわわ A reflexive sound made when noticing something suddenly
    うぎゃー A surprised scream or shriek
    がーん Receiving a psychologically intense shock
    がびょーん Horribly, exaggeratedly shocked
    ぎく・ぎくっ・ぎくり・ぎくん Someone suddenly touched on a secret of yours
    ぎっくん Suddenly taken by surprise and off balanced
    きゃー・ぎゃー・きゃーきゃー・きゃっ・ぎゃっ Letting out a scream of surprise, fear, or pain
    ぎょえー Completely amazing and surprised
    ぎょぎょ・ぎょっ Something suddenly opening your eyes
    きょとっ・きょとん Understanding the situation with your eyes wide open
    ぐっ Receiving a strong blow to your heart
    げー・げっ Observing unexpected things
    だー Surprised or dumbfounded
    どきっ・どきり・どっきり Heart racing from excitement, fear, or anticipation
    ぱちくり Blinking rapidly from surprise
    はっ Suddenly noticing something and being surprised by it
    ひー A cry of excitement, fear, or pain
    ぴくっ・びくり Trembling from a momentary fear
    ひっ Holding your breath out of shock
    ひっく Terribly surprised
    びっくら・びっくり Surprised by something sudden or unexpected
    ひやっ・ひやり Momentarily feeling like something bad is about to happen

    Flustered, Impatient, and Unable to Calm Down

    あくせく(齷齪) Feeling like you don't have enough time
    あたふた Running around in a hurry
    あっぷあっぷ Struggling and gasping for breath, about to drown
    あわあわ Losing time or a grasp on your senses
    いそいそ Exhilarated and enthusiastic
    いらいら Unable to do things at your own pace, rushed and in a hurry
    うきうき Excited because of joy or hope, cheerful
    うずうず・むずむず Itching to do something, impatient to start something
    おたおた Flustered or panicked by something suddenly, shocked speechless
    おどおど Hesitating or faltering with nervousness or anger
    おろおろ Unable to move from surprise or anxiety
    がさがさ Noisy and unable to calm down
    ぎゃっ Shouting unintentionally in confusion
    きろきろ An expression lacking calmness or stability
    じたばた Impatiently squirming
    しどもど Confused and incoherent
    しどろもどろ The subject and words spoken are unclear, incoherent
    じりじり Running out of patience
    せかせか Feeling impatient and that you're being hurried
    せこせこ・こせこせ Making a big deal out of nothing
    そそくさ Feeling like you're in a hurry to finish
    そわそわ Fidgeting from anxiety
    ちゃかちゃか Unable to steady your movements or actions
    どきどき Your heart beating faster from worry or fear
    どぎまぎ Flustered that someone sees right through you
    どたばた Noisily rushing around doing things
    ばたばた Hurrying around getting things done
    はらはら Nervous or worried about something, on edge
    びくびく Trembling from anxiety or anger
    やきもき Unable to calm down from worry or impatience
    わくわく Excited from anticipation, pleasure, or happiness
    わさわさ Unable to concentrate or calm down

    Hesitating and Faltering

    いじいじ Unsure of your behavior or actions
    うじうじ Unable to be proactive or make a decision
    おずおず Faltering or hesitating from anger or nervousness
    ぐだぐだ Acting slow out of unwillingness or laziness
    くよくよ Restlessness from worries or regrets
    くらくら Unsure of what decision to make due to temptation
    ぐらぐら Unsure due to weak resolution, indecisiveness
    たじたじ Hesitating because someone is coercing you
    まごまご Losing your head because you don't know what to do
    もじもじ Unable to make decisions because of embarrassment or shyness

    Thinking and Feeling

    うっとり Being fascinated by something beautiful, spellbound
    きゅーん Feeling a tightness or pressure in the your chest from sadness or grief
    きゅん A tightening in your chest for a moment from strong feelings
    さめざめ Sorrowful, bitter feelings
    じーん Slowly becoming impressed, moved, or touched by something
    じーっ Thinking deeply and quietly
    じん Being so touched by something that you're almost moved to tears
    しんみ Feeling pity and a little sad for someone
    ぞっ Strongly moved by something and that feeling runs through your body
    つくづく Believing something from the bottom of your heart
    つらつら Thinking about something for a long time
    ぴーん Suddenly thinking of an idea
    ぴぴっ・ぴん Strong instincts or intuition
    ほろり Feeling sympathy for someone
    むくむく A feeling or idea that suddenly came up
    もやもや Worrying or wondering what to do

    Hurt and Pain

    いがいが An itchiness or tickle in your throat
    いらいら・ひりひり An irritation in your throat or on your skin from pain or hot food
    うずうず Feeling a continuous dull pain
    がんがん Pain or noise echoing in your head
    きりきり A stomachache with sharp pains
    ぎんぎん Head constantly aching badly
    ぐさぐさ Receiving a blow to the heart from cold words
    ぐさっ・ぐさり The psychological wounds from someone's words
    ごろごろ The ache of something getting in your eye
    じーん The sensation of pain or cold
    しく Stabbing pain from a bug
    しくしく Continuous spasms of dull pain
    しくりしくり Prickling pain over and over
    じん Numb or sleeping limbs
    じんじん Continuous pain and numbness from the afflicted area
    ずきずき・ずんずん Throbbing, grinding pain
    ずきっ・ずきり・ずきん Sudden, violent, traveling and throbbing pain
    ずきんずきん Continuous throbbing pain
    ちかちか Flashing pain in your eyes
    ちくちく A stabbing pain like needles over and over, prickling
    ちくっ・ちくり・ちくん A sudden stabbing pain from a needle or a bug
    ちりちり A cut or skin that feel like it's burning
    どきんどきん・どっきどっき・どっきんどっきん Violent throbbing
    びーん Numbness or itchiness spreading through your body
    ぴきぴき Twitching and on edge
    ひりっ・ぴりっ Feeling a sudden itch, pain, or hot taste
    びりびり・ぴりぴり Feeling a continued pain or irritation
    ひりり Feeling a pain from something for a moment, tingling, irritation
    びりり・ぴりり Numb from a momentary stimulus, tingling, stinging
    むずむず・もぞもぞ Feeling itchy like you were bitten by, or have bugs on you

    Personality and Disposition

    Unconcerned and Composed

    あっけらかん Without any hesitation
    おっとり So calm that it seems like time is passing slower than normal
    おめおめ Without hesitation, calmly
    がっちり Shrewdly, being pushy
    けりけろ・けろっ・けろり As if nothing happened, nonchalantly
    さばさば Without attachment or seriousness
    しゃーしゃー Shamelessly not feeling that embarrassing things are actually embarrassing
    しらっ・しれっ Acting as if something is not a big deal at all
    ずかずか Being nosy, acting and saying things without any hesitation
    ずけずけ Saying something that could hurt someone else, blunt
    ちゃっかり Acting shrewd but still well liked, cheeky
    つけつけ Saying and doing things without reserve, rude
    ぬくぬく Doing well on your own, carefree and successful
    ぬけぬけ Acting like you didn't do (something negative) and it is obvious to other people, shamelessly
    のーのー Without any worries or concerns
    のこのこ Showing up without any knowledge or understanding of what is going on
    のほほん Carefree, without worries or concerns
    のんびり Mentally and physically relaxed
    はっきり Showing your feelings very clearly
    やいやい Loudly bothering other people for things, pestering people


    ぎんぎん Full of energy and very mobile
    しゃきしゃき Dealing with tasks quickly and efficiently
    しゃき・しゃっきり Feeling brisk and lively in both body and mind
    しゃん Both your movement and thoughts are logical and stable
    しゃんしゃん Energetically going about your daily tasks
    すくすく Children growing up without complications
    ちゃきちゃき Doing things quickly, cheerfully, and efficiently
    ぴかぴか・ぴっかぴか A new life shining with hope and happiness
    ぴちぴち Young and healthy, or a fresh, lively fish
    ぴんぴん Energetic and lively
    ぶいぶい Energetic and powerful
    もりもり Bursting with energy and motivation

    Physique and Figure

    Fat and Robust

    ころころ Plump and overweight
    ずんぐり Short and overweight
    ずんぐりむっくり Getting fat, gaining weight, swelling
    だぶだぶ Fat, loose and baggy
    でっぷり Getting fat or flabby around your stomach and waist
    でぶでぶ Shamefully getting fatter
    ぶくんぶくん Getting big and flabby
    ぶよぶよ Getting way too fat and soft and flabby
    ぽちゃっ A chubby face and body
    ぼちゃぼちゃ Getting chubby and cute
    ぽちゃぽちゃ Chubby, just a little fat
    ぽっちゃり Lovely chubby and cute
    ぼってり Heavy and fat
    ぽってり Chubby and adorable
    ぽてっ So fat it looks like your head is just riding your body
    ぼてぼて Having undesirable fat on your body
    ぽてぽて Plump like a baby with supple skin
    むちっ・むちむち・むっちり Supple skin and plenty of flesh in all the right places
    がしっ・がっしり・がっちり A study body or bone structure
    ぼんきゅぼん Nice proportions: ぼん big breasts きゅ tight waist ぼん big butt
    もりもり Bulging muscles, looking strong


    がりがり So thin that you can see their bones, skin and bones
    すらっ・すらり Long, slender, and well proportioned
    ひょろっ・ひょろひょろ・ひょろり・ひょろん Lanky, thin and tall
    ほっそり Slim and slender figure

    Moving and Changing

    Advancing and Moving

    がーっ Forcefully moving
    ががっ Advancing with great force
    がくりがくり Suddenly moving and then going back
    がくんがくん Drastic, jerking motions
    がんがん Pushing forward, without paying any attention to your surroundings
    ぐいぐい Pushing forward, as if you're being pulled
    ぐんぐん Gradually speeding up while advancing
    さくさく Things going forward without delay
    さっさっ Moving on willingly, without any hangups
    さらさら Things moving forward quickly and smoothly
    じゃんじゃん Things moving forward and making progress
    じりじり Slowly approaching someone
    ずい Entering the inside of a house unreservedly
    すいすい Feeling comfortable moving forward without resistance, unhindered
    すーっ Quiet things moving forward
    ずかずか Rudely entering into someone else's area or space
    すっ Moving quickly and quietly
    ずっ Things pressing forward even more
    すっすっ Things advancing without difficulty
    ずっずっ・ずんずん Things strongly pressing forward
    すらすら・するする Smoothly advancing without delay
    すんなり To calmly advance without resistance
    そろそろ Gradually progressing to a certain state
    だー Running swiftly, with force
    たったっ Flying through the minor details
    だっだっ Moving forward, maintaining force
    ついつい Advancing against your better judgement
    つかつか Striding toward something without hesitation
    てきぱき A matter that progresses quickly
    どしどし Moving purposefully and proactively
    どんどこ Moving something forward without hesitating
    とんとん Things continuing to go well for a while
    どんどん・ばんばん Forcefully moving forward without hesitating
    ほいほい Advancing willingly
    ぽちぽち・ぼつぼつ Steadily progressing, gradually
    めきめき・めっきり Visably making rapid progress

    Falling and Dropping

    かたん・かたり Something light and hard falling or dropping
    がたん・がたり Something heavy suddenly falling or dropping
    がらがら Heavy things falling or collapsing one after another
    ことり・ことん Light things falling or collapsing
    ごとり・ごとん Heavy things falling or collapsing
    すとん Falling straight down
    たらたら Liquid rolling down, dripping
    ちゃぽん Something falling into water
    ちゃぽっ Something falling and hitting water
    ちらちら Snow or flowers fluttering as they fall
    とーん Something falls and bounces
    どかっ A big lump or chunk of something falling all at once
    どかどか Something heavy continuously falling
    どかり Something heavy falling or hitting
    どさっ・どさり・どさん・どたり・どたん A big, heavy thing falling all at once
    どさどさ Heavy things falling one after another
    どすん A huge, heavy thing falling and crashing
    ばさっ・ばさり Something like a vacant body falling
    ぱさっ・ぱさり Something like an unrolled paper falling
    ばたっ Something heavy forcefully falling
    はたり・ぱたり Something light falling
    ばっばっ Lots of things forcefully scattering
    はらっ Paper or leaves scattering
    ぱらっ Rain or leaves thinly falling
    はらはら Tears or petals falling one by one
    ばらばら Finely falling, falling in pieces
    ぱらぱら Rain, hail, or leaves falling sparsely
    はらり・ぱらり Something light falling
    ばらり Falling while feeling heavy or important
    ぼたっ・ぽたっ・ぼたり・ぽたり・ぽとっ A drop of water or a liquid falling
    ぼたぼた・ぽとぽと Large drops of liquid rolling or trickling down one by one
    ぽたぽた・ぽとぽと Small drops continuously falling
    ぼたん・ぽたん Drops of water falling from a high place
    ぽちゃっ Something that seems to break when it falls
    ぽちゃん Something small falling into liquid
    ぽつり A single drop of rain falling
    ぽてっ Dropping something carelessly
    ぼとり・ぼとん A thing or liquid dropping heavily
    ぽとり・ぽとん A thing or drop of water dropping lightly
    ぽとりぽとり Falling one by one after a pause
    ほろっ・ほろり A single tear spilling over and falling
    ぼろっ・ぼろり A thing inadvertently falling
    ほろほろ Tears or drops of water flowing
    ぼろぼろ Something granular falling in large quantities
    ぽろぽろ Tears or grains of rice spilling and falling all over
    ほろりほろり Tears, flowers, or leaves continuously falling
    ぽろりぽろり Tears or liquids falling in intervals
    ぽろん Something falling too quickly

    Breaking and Bending

    がくり・がっくり Suddenly bending strongly back and forth
    かくん・かっくん Suddenly bending back and forth and disconnecting
    ぎくしゃく Sharply bending back and forth
    ぎくっ・ぎくり Something suddenly bending back and forth
    ぎくん Sudden, violent bending back and forth
    ぐきり Breaking or spraining a leg, breaking a stick
    ばきっ・ばきん Something hard and slim suddenly breaking
    ぱきっ・ぱきん Something thin breaking
    ばきばき Something dry forcefully breaking
    ぱきぱき Thin things breaking one after another
    ぱしぱし Something hard and slim bending back and forth
    ぱちり Something hard breaking
    びしっ・びしり Something small and thin folding or breaking
    ぴしっ A small break or crack
    ぼきっ・ぼきり A small cylindrical thing breaking
    ぽきっ・ぽきり A hard, light, cylindrical thing breaking
    ぼきぼき Hard cylindrical things breaking over and over
    ぽきぽき Light cylindrical things breaking over and over
    ぼきん A hard cylindrical thing completely breaking
    ぽきん A light cylindrical thing completely breaking
    ぼくっ Strong hitting or breaking
    ぽちぽち Dead branches or twigs breaking one after another
    ぽっきり Snapping cleanly

    Shaking and Swaying

    うつらうつら Swaying slowly
    がたがた Something heavy swaying unstably
    がくん A sudden, violent shake
    ぐずり A heavy, shaking movement
    くらくら Shaking unstably from dizziness
    ぐらぐら Huge, irregular, continuous shaking
    くらっ・くらり A sudden, big shake
    ぐらっ・ぐらり A sudden, huge shake for just a moment
    くらりくらり Repeatedly shaking in a big way
    ぐらりぐらり Huge, slow shaking movements
    ぐりぐり Rubbing your elbow into someone's shoulders
    ごとごと The even swaying of a train car
    じわじわ Swaying in small degrees
    たぽたぽ Liquid sloshing in a container
    たぷたぷ Something big swaying
    だらりだらり Something long swaying loosely
    ちょろちょろ Shaking little by little, trembling
    とぷんとぷん Water in a container swaying
    びろびろ Flicking cloth or your tongue
    ふよふよ Something light quietly swaying
    ふらふら Shaking from loss of your body's equilibrium
    ぶらぶら Something hanging and swaying, dangling
    ぷらぷら Something light swaying in the wind
    ふらりふらり Slowly swaying in a big way
    ぶらりぶらり Heavily, continuously slowly swaying
    ぷらりぷらり Lightly, continuously, slowly swaying
    ぶらん Heavily hanging down and dangling
    ぶらんぶらん Dangling, or swinging legs back and forth
    ぶるぶる・ぶるる・ぶるん Vibrating and shaking
    ぷるる・ぷるん Vibrating a little
    ぷるんぷるん Trembling slightly
    へらへら Fluttering
    ぺらぺら Flipping something thin, usually pages
    ぽよぽよ Shaking flexibly
    ゆさゆさ Something large swaying
    ゆさり Something large swaying
    ゆさりゆさり Something large swaying over and over
    ゆっさゆっさ Something big and heavy swaying
    ゆらっ One, huge sway or shaking movement
    ゆらゆら Shaking over and over
    ゆらり Shaking lightly and slowly, once
    ゆらりゆらり Loosely swaying over and over
    よろりよろり Legs swinging while crossed


    ざくざく Chopping the stalks off of vegetables
    さくっ・さくり・さっくり Cutting food with a sharp knife
    ざくっ・ざくり・ざっくり Deeply plunging a blade into something
    ざぐり・ざっく Hollowing something out by cutting into it
    じょきじょき Cutting through thick cloth with scissors
    じょきり Cutting cloth once with scissors
    すかすか Cutting cleanly with a sharp blade
    ずきずき Forcefully cutting something
    ずたずた Something that's been cut many times, making it look worn or ragged
    すっぱり・すぱっ・すぱり Completely cut off with a sharp blade
    すとん Easily cut down
    ずばずば Relentlessly cutting with a blade
    ずばり Cutting through something at once
    ずばりずばり Viciously cutting many times
    ちょきちょき Cutting paper or plants with scissors
    ちょきん・ちょっきり Completely cutting something off with scissors
    ばさり・ばっさり Exaggeratedly cutting something off with a blade
    ばっさばっさ Cutting people down one by one with a sword
    ばらり Cutting a thread, group, or joint
    ぴちっ Suddenly splitting open from being cut
    ぷすり Cutting something like a thread or from a group
    びちっ Suddenly, completely cut off
    ぷちっ Suddenly, easily cutting something off
    ぶちぶち Easily cutting something like soba
    ぷっつ Something suddenly coming apart of disconnecting
    ぷつっ Belt, rope, correspondence or suddenly being cut
    ふっつり Severing ties with something or someone, once and for all
    ぷっつり Completely cutting yourself from a group or a relationship
    ぶっつん Violently severing ties
    ぷっつん Being cut apart by something sharp
    ぶつぶつ Cutting something into small pieces
    ぷつぷつ Things getting torn to shreds
    ぶつり・ぶつん Suddenly, completely cutting
    ぷつり・ぷつん Speech or correspondence suddenly being cut off
    ぽっきり Cleanly cut, or interrupted
    ぽつぽつ Cut into small pieces or interrupted
    ぽつり Suddenly cut down the middle

    Ripping and Tearing

    ずたずた Tearing to pieces over and over
    ばりっ Something hard breaking or tearing
    ぱりっ Something thin breaking or tearing
    ぱりぱり Strong ripping and tearing
    ぱりぱり Cloth or paper forcefully being torn
    びっ・ぴっ・びびっ Forcefully tearing or peeling
    びりっ・ぴりっ Forcefully tearing cloth or paper
    びりびり・ぴりぴり Continuously splitting cloth or paper
    べりっ Tearing and peeling at once
    ぺりっ Forcefully tearing something thin
    べりべり Ripping something thick over and over
    ぺりぺり Ripping something thin over and over
    ぼろぼろ Little tears in cloth
    めりっ・めりめり Something brittle ripping, tearing, or breaking


    ちょこん・ちょん Small things sticking together
    ぴたっ・ぴたり・ぴったり・ぴっちり Completely stuck together with no gaps
    ぴたぴた Sticking on after another
    びたり On one side
    ぴたん・ぴたんぴたん Sticking a stamp to something by pressing it down
    べたっ Glued and sticking
    ぺたっ・ぺたん Sticking completely to a flat surface
    べたり Clinging together in a lump
    ぺたり Sticking from being pressed down
    べたん Sticking firmly
    ぺちょっ Lightly pasting and sticking
    ぺったり Lightly sticking to one surface
    ぺったんぺったん Sticking and separating
    べっとり Sticking something to one side
    ぺっとり Sticking something mucousy to one side

    Piercing and Stabbing

    ぐさぐさ Deeply stabbing with a blade over and over
    ぐさっ・ぐさり Stabbing deeply once with a blade
    ずばっ Being pierced by an arrow or a spear
    ずばりずばり Sharply stabbing in your vitals or your core
    ずぶずぶ Something soft being pierced
    ずぶっ・ずぶり Being stabbed at the base with a blade
    ちくちく・ちくりちくり Repeatedly stabbed with something like needles
    ちくっ・ちくり・ちくん Stabbed once with something like a needle
    つん Lightly poked once
    つんつん Lightly poked over and over
    ぶすっ・ぷすっ・ぶすり・ぷすり Stabbing something soft
    ぶすぶす・ぷすぷす Stabbing over and over
    ぶすりぶすり Continuously stabbing with a blade
    ぶつっ Sudden, forceful stabbing
    ぶっつり A blade forcefully stabbing
    ぶつぶつ Making a hole using something sharp over and over
    ぷつぷつ Making lots of hole with something sharp
    ぶつり・ぷつり Stabbing with something sharp or tapered

    Bending, Folding, and Crumpling

    うねうね While bending up, down, and side to side
    かくんかくん Repeatedly, lightly folding back and forth
    かっくり Suddenly lightly bending something
    がっくり Suddenly strongly bending something
    ぎくぎく Bending awkwardly and jerkily
    くい Suddenly bending something
    くいくい Lightly bending two or three times
    くにゃ・ぐにゃ・くにゃり・ぐにゃり Part of something suddenly bending
    くにゃくにゃ・ぐにゃぐにゃ Soft and freely bending
    くねくね Bending back and forth like it's shaking
    ぐんにゃり Bending or twisting easily
    ジグザグ Bending in the shape of a Z, literally "zigzag" in English
    しゃなりしゃなり Your body moving flexibly
    しなしな・しなっ Bending and warping
    しんなり Something soft folding
    なよなよ Weakly bending, delicate
    へこへこ Weakly bending easily, pliable

    To Be Continued…

    (This guide is constantly being updated. Make sure you check back for more!)