Conjugating い-Adjectives to て Form

    • Adjective
    • Conjugation Form
    Just like verbs, い-adjectives can be conjugated into the て form. This form is also known as the “continuative” form, because one of its main functions is to string words, phrases, and clauses together.

    What Is the い-Adjective て Form?

    The て form is also known as the "continuative" form, because one of its main functions is to "continue" a sentence by stringing words, phrases, and clauses together. Think of it as a built-in conjunction (like "and" or "so"). Verbs can also be conjugated into the て form, but this page will focus exclusively on the い-adjective て form. Before we learn about how the て form is used, it's important to get the basic conjugation down.

    Getting to the て form is a two-step process. We'll start with 甘い (is-sweet), which is an い-adjective in the present tense form. The first step is to conjugate into the く form, which allows the adjective to attach to a variety of endings, in this case, 〜て. To do this, we must drop the 〜い ending and replace it with 〜く.

     + く = 甘

    Pretty simple, right? The next step is even easier. We take the く form of the adjective (甘く) and add 〜て.

    甘く + て = 甘く

    That's all there is to it! The て form will allow you to create more complicated phrases, like 甘くて美味しい (sweet and delicious). Interest piqued? Read more about its uses here.

    Other Forms of い-Adjectives

    Check out the chart below to see how て form fits into the い-adjective paradigm. Click on other conjugations or forms to learn more about them!

    Form 日本語 English
    Stem Form
    く Form strongly
    て Form くて strong, (and)
    Present Tense Form is-strong
    Past Tense Form かった was-strong
    Negative Form くない is-not-strong
    Past Negative Form くなかった was-not-strong
    Conditional Form ければ if strong...
    Measurable Noun Form strength
    Subjective Noun Form strong point