What Is the い-Adjective て Form?
The て form is also known as the "continuative" form, because one of its main functions is to "continue" a sentence by stringing words, phrases, and clauses together. Think of it as a built-in conjunction (like "and" or "so"). Verbs can also be conjugated into the て form, but this page will focus exclusively on the い-adjective て form. Before we learn about how the て form is used, it's important to get the basic conjugation down.
Getting to the て form is a two-step process. We'll start with 甘い (is-sweet), which is an い-adjective in the present tense form. The first step is to conjugate into the く form, which allows the adjective to attach to a variety of endings, in this case, 〜て. To do this, we must drop the 〜い ending and replace it with 〜く.
い+ く = 甘く
Pretty simple, right? The next step is even easier. We take the く form of the adjective (甘く) and add 〜て.
甘く + て = 甘くて
That's all there is to it! The て form will allow you to create more complicated phrases, like 甘くて美味しい (sweet and delicious). Interest piqued? Read more about its uses here.
Other Forms of い-Adjectives
Check out the chart below to see how て form fits into the い-adjective paradigm. Click on other conjugations or forms to learn more about them!
|て Form||強くて||strong, (and)|
|Present Tense Form||強い||is-strong|
|Past Tense Form||強かった||was-strong|
|Past Negative Form||強くなかった||was-not-strong|
|Conditional Form||強ければ||if strong...|
|Measurable Noun Form||強さ||strength|
|Subjective Noun Form||強み||strong point|