Table of Contents
く Form for Linking Clauses
This use of the い-adjective く form to combine two sentences into one is nearly identical to the い-adjective て form. However, the く form is more closely associated with written Japanese. Let's begin with the two sentences we will be combining. Note that they are called sentences when they are on their own, but once they are combined into a compound sentence, they are referred to as clauses.
- Last year was very warm.
- There was little rain.
The い-adjectives in each sentence (暖かった and 少なかった) are in the past tense, indicated by 〜かった. When we use the く form to string sentences together, the tense is not shown in the first clause, and the tense of the compound sentence will rely on the second clause.
- Last year was very warm, and there was little rain.
Other Uses of the く Form
- Using い-Adjective く Form for Adverbs
- Using い-adjective く Form for Nouns
Other Forms of い-adjectives
Check out the chart below to see how the く form fits into the い-adjective paradigm. Click on other conjugations or forms to learn more about them!
|て Form||強くて||strong, (and)|
|Present Tense Form||強い||is-strong|
|Past Tense Form||強かった||was-strong|
|Past Negative Form||強くなかった||was-not-strong|
|Conditional Form||強ければ||if strong...|
|Measurable Noun Form||強さ||strength|
|Subjective Noun Form||強み||strong point|