Using い-Adjective く Form for Linking Clauses

    • Adjective
    い-adjectives in the く form can be used to connect two sentences into one compound sentence. This use is mostly found in written Japanese.

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    く Form for Linking Clauses

    This use of the い-adjective く form to combine two sentences into one is nearly identical to the い-adjective て form. However, the く form is more closely associated with written Japanese. Let's begin with the two sentences we will be combining. Note that they are called sentences when they are on their own, but once they are combined into a compound sentence, they are referred to as clauses.

    • 去年はとても暖かった。
    • Last year was very warm.
    • 雨が少なかった。
    • There was little rain.

    The い-adjectives in each sentence (暖かった and 少なかった) are in the past tense, indicated by 〜かった. When we use the く form to string sentences together, the tense is not shown in the first clause, and the tense of the compound sentence will rely on the second clause.

    • 去年はとても暖か、雨が少なかった
    • Last year was very warm, and there was little rain.

    Other Uses of the く Form

    Other Forms of い-adjectives

    Check out the chart below to see how the く form fits into the い-adjective paradigm. Click on other conjugations or forms to learn more about them!

    Form 日本語 English
    Stem Form
    く Form strongly
    て Form くて strong, (and)
    Present Tense Form is-strong
    Past Tense Form かった was-strong
    Negative Form くない is-not-strong
    Past Negative Form くなかった was-not-strong
    Conditional Form ければ if strong...
    Measurable Noun Form strength
    Subjective Noun Form strong point