Using Verb Causative Passive Form (〜させられる ) for "To Be Made To Do..."

    • Verb
    When verbs are given the ending 〜させられる, they are in the causative passive form. This gives them a meaning of "to be made to do something."

    Table of Contents

    What Is させられる?

    Verbs ending in 〜させられる are said to be in the "causative passive" form. This may sound scary, and this form is notorious for being tricky—maybe partly because of the length of both the form and its name!—but it's actually relatively straightforward. The name itself is very logical, as it is simply a verb that has been turned into the causative form (the one that adds the meaning "to make" or "to let"), and then the passive form (the one that adds the meaning "to be done"). In other words, you just need to turn a verb into the causative, then turn the resulting causative verb into the passive.

    It is best tackled once you're already familiar with its two component parts. So, if you don't know much about the Japanese causative form or the Japanese passive form yet, go check out our posts on 〜させる (causative) and 〜られる (passive), then come right back here. Go ahead, we'll wait!

    Okay, so now that you're up to speed on the causative させる form and the passive られる form, let's look at what happens when we put them together to make the causative passive させられる.

    The causative form させる, as you now know, means either "to make someone do something," or "to let someone do something." The passive form られる means "to be done." So the result of combining these two together into 〜させられる, gives the meaning "to be made to do something." Once it's made passive, the causative loses its other meaning of "to let someone do something," and just keeps the meaning of being made to do something.

    This form is completely regular, so once you know the causative and the passive, you just need to combine them in that order—so, always causative and then passive, never the other way round. Since it's so regular, we haven't included a separate post for how to put it together, but it can seem mind-bogglingly long at first, so here is a handy conjugation chart anyway. Try saying each of them out loud a few times to get used to the way they feel!

    Godan







    わせられる
    かせられる
    させられる
    たせられる
    なせられる
    ませられる
    らせられる
    がせられる
    ばせられる
    Ichidan 食べ 食べさせられる
    Irregular 来るく 
    する
    来させられるこ     
    させられる

    How to Use させられる

    Now let's have a look at when you would want to rock out this mouthful. As we said, this form adds the meaning of being made to do something. Since this form is limited to "made to do something" and doesn't include "allowed to do something" like the normal causative, its use is actually pretty limited.

    Imagine you hate 納豆 (natto—that delicious bean treat that some people inexplicably dislike). Your mom says it's good for you, so she makes you eat it anyway. In this case you can say:

    • 毎日、母に納豆を食べさせられます。
    • I'm made to eat natto every day by my mom.

    Your dad is also big on keeping you healthy, and he wants you to get more exercise. You called him to ask for a ride home yesterday, but he made you walk:

    • 私は父に歩いて帰らせられた。
    • I was made to walk home by my dad.

    Other Forms of させられる

    Once a verb is turned into the causative passive, it behaves just like all passive verbs, which means they behave just like ichidan verbs. If this sounds complicated, don't worry! All it means is that all verbs ending in 〜させられる—without exception—conjugate like 食べる and 見る.

    Form 日本語 English
    Plain Polite
    Present Form 食べさせられ 食べさせられます is made to eat
    Negative Form 食べさせられない 食べさせられません isn't made to eat
    Past Form 食べさせられ 食べさせられました was made to eat
    て Form 食べさせられ is made to eat, (and)
    Command Form 食べさせられ be made to eat
    Conditional Form 食べさせられれば if (someone) is made to eat...